Human Papillomavirus Infection and Vaccination: Effectiveness of Increased Awareness and Knowledge of HPV and HPV Vaccine on Vaccine Uptake Among Women: A Systematic Review
Background: Human Papillomavirus (HPV) vaccines proffer primary prevention of cervical cancer and other HPV-related cancers. The foremost cause of Cervical Cancer worldwide is HPV infection. Because of this, HPV vaccine is highly recommended for adolescent girls, but due to low awareness and knowledge of the vaccine there is huge variation in vaccine uptake leading to a low HPV vaccine coverage worldwide. This review seeks to investigate the gains of awareness of the vaccines in improving vaccine uptake.
Hypothesis: Increasing awareness of HPV vaccination will lead to more acceptance of the vaccine and higher vaccination rates.
Methods: The research was carried out by reviewing relevant articles published in the last ten years and available in PubMed, Google Scholar, Web of Science, and Embase (Elsevier). The keywords used in the search were “HPV Vaccine”, “Papillomavirus Vaccines/Attitudes and perceptions”, “Papillomavirus Vaccines/knowledge and awareness”, “Papillomavirus Vaccines/Acceptability”, “HPV Vaccine acceptance or refusal”.
Results: Ten research articles were included in this review and they showed clear evidence that there was limited appreciation of HPV and HPV vaccination. The studies reviewed in this paper showed that the low levels of willingness and acceptability correlated with low knowledge and awareness of HPV infection and HPV vaccine.
Conclusion: The findings showed an appreciable increase in the number of daughters vaccinated especially if it was recommended by the physicians to the parents. Appropriate information that addresses educational and parental issues will help increase acceptance of the HPV vaccines. Generally, the knowledge and perception of HPV infection is considerably low worldwide.